Prescription and Over-the-Counter Medications

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Prescription medications and a few over the counter medicinal drugs are more and more being abused (used in ways other than meant or with out a prescription). This practice can result in dependancy, and in some cases, overdose. Among the maximum stressful aspects of this rising fashion is its incidence among young adults and young adults, in addition to the not unusual misperception that due to the fact those are used medically or prescribed by way of physicians, they are secure even when not used as meant. Commonly abused lessons of prescribed drugs encompass opioid painkillers, stimulants, and depressants.

  • Opioids are generally prescribed for pain relief. Commonly prescribed opioids consist of hydrocodone (e.G., Vicodin®), oxycodone (e.G., OxyContin®), morphine, fentanyl, and codeine. In the USA, greater human beings now die from opioid painkiller overdoses than from heroin and cocaine mixed.
  • Stimulants: Methylphenidate (Ritalin®, Concerta®, Focalin®, and Metadate®) and amphetamines (Adderall®, Dexedrine®) are stimulants commonly prescribed for interest-deficit hyperactivity ailment (ADHD).
  • Depressants are normally prescribed to sell sleep or to reduce anxiety. As measured by country wide surveys, depressants are often labeled as sedatives or tranquilizers. Sedatives in most cases include barbiturates (e.G., phenobarbitol) but also include sleep medicinal drugs inclusive of Ambien® and Lunesta®. Tranquilizers normally consist of benzodiazepines which includes Valium® and Xanax®, however additionally include muscle relaxants and other anti-anxiety medicines.
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